Researchers provide an overview of ocular injuries in UK patients following serious accidents

Between 2004 and 2021, there was a shift in which accidents most frequently resulted in ocular injuries – from vehicle collisions to falls

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Researchers have explored trends in major trauma patients who experienced ocular injuries between 2004 and 2021 in the UK.

The study, which was published in Eye, highlighted that 0.82% of the 287,267 major trauma patients over the period had ocular injuries.

The presence of ocular injuries in this patient group decreased over the time period – from 1.87% in 2004–2006, to 0.66% by 2019–2021.

Ocular injuries were more common in men, with 72.2% of ocular injuries among trauma patients occurring in males.

The proportion of ocular injuries due to road traffic accidents decreased over the study period – with vehicle collisions causing 43.1% of ocular injuries among trauma patients in 2004–2006, dropping to 26% of ocular injury cases in trauma patients in 2013–2015.

From 2016–2017, falls become the most common form of accident among trauma patients that cause ocular injury – accounting for 27.1% of cases.

In terms of the type of ocular injury among major trauma patients, injuries to the conjunctiva were most common (29.3%), followed by retina (18.5%), sclera (12.8%) and optic nerve (8.6%).