Children with amblyopia rank their physical competence and peer acceptance lower

US and Australian researchers have found a connection between amblyopia and lower self-perception

A small child

New research suggests that amblyopia affects a child’s perception of their physical competence and acceptance by peers.

The study, which was published in JAMA Ophthalmology, reported on results from a survey of 60 children with amblyopia and 20 children without the condition.

Children were shown pairs of pictures and were asked which child in the images was more like them.

This gave researchers an idea of how the children perceived their competence and the level of support that they received from peers. 

The study also assessed the aiming and catching skills, visual acuity and stereoacuity of children.

Scientists found that children with amblyopia had significantly lower self-rated peer acceptance and physical competence scores than those without the condition.

The study also revealed that a child’s estimation of their physical competence was associated with their aiming and catching skills and stereoacuity. 

Image credit: Shirish Mulmuley